• Breastfeeding basics

    Within an hour after birth, if you have your baby on your naked chest for skin to skin, your baby will find his or her way to your breast searching for your nipple and the first feed which is called colostrum. Colostrum is the rich creamy, first milk you produce that is full of antibodies that help to protect your baby from infection.

  • What happens in the days after birth?

    The first few days when you get home with your baby can be a very emotional time for you and your partner. There is a lot to do and a lot to learn. You'll also be tired and your body will be recovering from labour and the birth, and you'll be getting used to frequent feeds.

  • What happens after birth?

    Labour and birthing your baby is a life changing experience. You will have pushed yourself physically, emotionally and psychologically during labour. You may feel a range of emotions once your baby is born including elation, relief, shock, exhaustion and happiness.
  • The pros and cons of a caesarean section

    A caesarean section is a surgical procedure used when a vaginal birth isn't or is no longer an option. It is major abdominal surgery where an incision is made in your stomach and uterus to deliver your baby and placenta.

  • Understand what an assisted delivery is

    Assisted delivery is a procedure in which obstetric forceps or a vacuum device are used to help deliver your baby, towards the end of the second stage of labour. It's different from assisted labour, (in which you are given treatment to start off your labour or to increase the power and frequency of contractions).

  • What is an induction?

    Labour will begin when your baby releases the hormone oxytocin, which triggers your uterus to start to contract. If this doesn't happen naturally then an induction is done to artificially stimulate your body to make labour start.

  • What is electronic fetal monitoring during labour?

    Fetal monitoring is where your baby's heart rate and your contractions are monitored during labor. There are a couple of different ways this can be done.

  • What happens during the third stage of labour?

    During the third stage of labour, your placenta will peel away from the uterine wall and your body will expel the placenta. Holding your baby skin to skin after birth and close to your breast releases oxytocin and helps this process.


  • The transition phase of labour

    Transition is the time when your cervix dilates to about 9 to 10 centimetres. As your baby descends into your pelvis the hormone adrenaline is released into your system to give you energy to push your baby out.


  • How to know when you're in active labour

    During this stage of labour your contractions are regular and occurring every two to three minutes. They will last for about one minute and your cervix will open to about 10 centimetres.

  • Signs you're in the early first stage of labour

    At this stage your contractions become more regular, around five to seven minutes apart and they'll last for about 45 seconds to a minute.

  • How do you know you're in pre-labour?

    Pre-labour is when your body is doing a lot of preparation for your upcoming labour. You may experience back pain similar to period pain. You may notice mild regular contractions, and your cervix is softening and preparing to open. You can also experience loose bowels or have a bloody show. All of this is normal